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Posted on May 8, 2015 |

World Thalassemia Day

World Thalassemia Day

Thalassemia basically means Anemia, it is a blood disorder passed down through families (inherited) in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen.  A genetic blood disease which the child could inherit if one or both of his/her parents is carrying the disease gene. The risk is higher if both parents have this disease. Thalassaemia is a lifelong condition which can be managed.

Types of Thalassemia –  

It consists of two different proteins, an Alpha and a Beta.

Alpha Thalassemia – 

Four genes, two from each parent, are required to make alpha globin protein chains. When one or more genes are missing, it produces alpha thalassemia.

Beta Thalassemia -

There are normally two beta globin genes, one from each parent. Beta thalassemia is a change in one or both of the beta globin genes.

Symptoms -

  • Jaundice
  • Fatigue
  • Discoloration of Urine
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Shortness of breath
  • Poor feeding
  • Pale appearance
  • Greater susceptibility to infections
  • Skeletal deformities – in some cases as the body tries to produce more bone marrow
  • Hormone problems, such as delayed puberty and restricted growth.    

Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment.