World Thalassemia Day
Thalassemia basically means Anemia, it is a blood disorder passed down through families (inherited) in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. A genetic blood disease which the child could inherit if one or both of his/her parents is carrying the disease gene. The risk is higher if both parents have this disease. Thalassaemia is a lifelong condition which can be managed.
Types of Thalassemia –
It consists of two different proteins, an Alpha and a Beta.
Alpha Thalassemia –
Four genes, two from each parent, are required to make alpha globin protein chains. When one or more genes are missing, it produces alpha thalassemia.
Beta Thalassemia -
There are normally two beta globin genes, one from each parent. Beta thalassemia is a change in one or both of the beta globin genes.
- Discoloration of Urine
- Cold hands and feet
- Shortness of breath
- Poor feeding
- Pale appearance
- Greater susceptibility to infections
- Skeletal deformities – in some cases as the body tries to produce more bone marrow
- Hormone problems, such as delayed puberty and restricted growth.
Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment.