World Kidney Day (WKD) is an annual global awareness and education event, held on the second Thursday in March. Every year, countless local, national and international events are organised by kidney charities, healthcare professionals, patient groups and individuals who want to make a difference. The 2016 campaign has a specific focus on Kidney Disease & Children.
Pediatric Nephrology relates to kidney diseases in newborn and children up to 18 years age. Kidney diseases in children can occur due to structural or developmental defects (that happen during birth process), genetic factors (that run in families) or disturbances in environment / immune factors or medications. A number of these problems, if detected early, can prevent kidney damage.
Kidney problems can occur in children both due to genetic / structural problems or acquired after birth. Early detection and management of these problems can definitely improve both the short as well as long term outcome.
Some preventive aspects of kidney problems in children include:
- Check urine test in young children below 2 years of age with unexplained high fever to rule out urine infection
- Encourage children more than 3 years age to pass urine in a relaxed manner every 2-3 hours during the day (avoid “holding of urine”)
- Daily intake of fruits and vegetables
- Moderate decrease in salt and meat product intake in family’s diet
- Decrease in TV / computer time and more of outdoor activities to minimize excess weight gain
- Avoid pain killer medicine intake such as Nimesulide, Ibuprofen etc, and Ayurvedic / Unani medicines
- Use Crocin / Calpol / Paracetamol as much as possible for control of fever
- Check blood pressure once a year in every child beyond 3 years age
- Evaluate for kidney disease if the child is not growing well, has anemia, high blood pressure, blood in urine, body swelling or recurrent urine infections.
Dr Mehul A. Shah
MD (Ped), DCH (Bom), MD (USA), DABPN (USA)
Consultant Pediatric Nephrologist
Apollo Health City