What is Puberty?
Puberty is the transition phase from childhood to adolescence and adulthood. During puberty, changes occur in the body, both on the outside as well as inside, in preparation for having children in the future.
What are the early signs of puberty in a girl?
The first sign of puberty in a girl is the development and change in appearance of the breast, which is initially felt like a small breast bud. This is usually followed by growth of pubic hair and then axillary hair. In some children, however, hair growth can occur before breast development.
What are the early signs of puberty in a boy?
The first sign of puberty in a boy is enlargement of the testes and increase in penile length and size of scrotum. This is followed by growth of pubic hair and axillary hair.
When does puberty start?
Pubertal changes in girls are seen between 8-13yrs of age. In boys pubertal changes are seen a little later between 9 to 14yrs of age.
What is early puberty?
If the normal pubertal changes are noticed before 8yrs in a girl or 9yrs in a boy, it is considered as early puberty. Early puberty can affect the final height of the child as growth may start earlier, but also end earlier and the child may be shorter than expected.
If a child matures or has physical changes of puberty earlier than his/her peers, this could lead to adjustment issues and psychological problems.
What is delayed puberty?
If there are no body changes of puberty by age 13yrs in a girl and 14yrs in a boy, this is considered as delayed puberty.
What do I do if I see early signs of puberty in my child?
If you are concerned or worried that your child shows signs of pubertal changes at an earlier age than expected, then you should contact your Pediatrician or a Pediatric Endocrinologist to evaluate your child. You should also consult your doctor if your child is not showing signs of pubertal development as expected for age.