Precautions focuses on avoiding contact with the viruses. The following precautions can help prevent infection and spread of Ebola and Marburg.
– Avoid areas of known outbreaks. Before traveling to Africa, find out
about current epidemics by checking the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention website.
– Wash your hands frequently. As with other infectious diseases, one
of the most important preventive measures is frequent hand-
washing. Use soap and water, or use alcohol-based hand rubs
containing at least 60 percent alcohol when soap and water aren’t
– Avoid bush meat. In developing countries, avoid buying or eating the
wild animals, including nonhuman primates, sold in local markets.
– Avoid contact with infected people. In particular, caregivers should
avoid contact with the person’s body fluids and tissues, including
blood, semen, vaginal secretions and saliva. People with Ebola or
Marburg are most contagious in the later stages of the disease.
– Follow infection-control procedures. If you’re a health care worker,
wear protective clothing, such as gloves, masks, gowns and eye
shields. Keep infected people isolated from others. Dispose of
needles and sterilize other instruments