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Posted on Apr 24, 2015 |

Malaria – A mosquito-borne disease

Malaria – A mosquito-borne disease

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by a parasitic protozoan – Plasmodium. Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, fatigue, vomiting and headaches. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma or death.

The disease is transmitted by the biting of mosquitoes, and the symptoms usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten. It exists in various types and forms, and is a lethal disease still existing in India today.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Flu like symptoms
  • Fever , myalgia , headaches
  • Vomitings, nausea
  • Chills and sweats – esp. At night
  • Yellow eyes or skin (jaundice)
  • Loose motions (mimiking gastroenteritis)
  • In severe forms causes cerebral malaria , hemolytic jaundice, renal failure, hepatic failure
  • Severe sepsis with multiorgan failure

Prevention

  • No vaccine available for malaria
  • Control of the vector – mosquito is primary aim
  • Insecticides / repellents to be used domestically and widespread areas
  • Clean storage of water tanks and avoiding larvae breeding in water bodies
  • Community participation and health disease awareness

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Dr Shaeq Mirza

Consultant Physician

Apollo Hospital – Hyderguda Branch, Hyderabad