A patient having Chronic Kidney Disease or End Stage Renal Disease is advised to undergo kidney transplantation. The advantage of transplant over dialysis is kidney transplantation is better in terms of quality of life, longevity of the patient and also cost in the long run
What is kidney Transplantation?
A kidney transplantation is surgically transferring a functioning kidney from a person (called the donor) to another person whose kidneys are not working (called the recipient) is called renal transplantation. Transplant of Kidney from a live donor is called live renal transplantation and kidneys taken from a dead person (who is certified brain dead) is called cadaveric renal transplantation*
*Please note that kidney for cadaveric renal transplantation is taken within a time limit since donor has been declared dead
Criteria for Kidney Transplant
Recipient diagnosed with ESRD (End Stage Renal Disease). Patients diagnosed with ESRD but cannot undergo Kidney Transplant
- Patients with reversible causes of renal dysfunction
- Patients with severe cardiac dysfunction, lung disease, cancers
- Patients with chronic infections‚ HIV, HbsAg +ve with active and advanced disease (Some of these patients are accepted if they are otherwise well and the family accept the higher risk of morbidity in such cases)
- Patients with active Vasculitis, SLE, or any infection which could flare up in the post transplant period.