KIDNEY DISEASE IN INDIA
Due to inadequate reporting and data, an accurate estimation of the burden of kidney disease in India is not possible at present. In some small studies, the prevalence (Number of existing patients) of chronic kidney disease is about 0.79 %. This does not include patients with ESRD (End stage renal disease) and AKI (Acute kidney injury). If these disorders were added, the prevalence would be closer to 1 %.
Based on the current population of India which is 1.27 billion – the number of people with kidney disease would be 12.7 million. If you think this a huge number, remember this is just the tip of the iceberg and the actual numbers would be much greater than this.
Common causes of kidney disease in India, which can be extrapolated to Andhra Pradesh and Telangana include:
Diabetic Kidney Disease – 31%
Chronic Glomerulonephritis – 14%
Hypertension – 13%
Tubulointerstitial Disease – 7%
Obstructiion (Stones, Prostate, etc) – 3.5 %
Genetic Diseases – 2.5%
Unknown Causes – 17%
Of particular interest, in Srikakulam and Prakasham districts in North Eastern Andhra Pradesh, the prevalence of kidney disease is much higher than the rest of the country. The exclusive use of groundwater for drinking was postulated as a cause for this but this myth has be busted after chemical analysis of the water revealed no excess of toxic minerals.
The mystery of the unimaginably high prevalence of kidney disease of 24 to 37 % in Uddanum in Srikakulam district continues….
Dr. V. Ravi Andrews,
Department of Nephrology,
Apollo Health City, Hyderabad