Do you Know what Coronary Artery Disease is?
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Artery Disease or CAD is one of the major killers in India. In recent times CAD is effecting the youth as well. Busy lifestyles, stress, habits like oking,alcohol, and fatty foods are leading to CAD in youth.
Heart Attacks (Myocardial infraction) are a manifestation of CAD′s. Blockage or narrowing of coronary arteries leads to CAD′s. The arteries supply blood to theheart; blockages caused in arteries like cholesterol, narrowing, atherosclerosis restrict blood flow to the heart. The heart starves for oxygen and nutrient rich blood causing an infraction or heart attack.
Ischemia is a condition where the heart muscle gets cramped due to lack of blood.
Acute coronary syndrome is 3 types
- Angina- Poor blood supply to the heart for a small period is called angina. It can last over a period of time and can be treated with oral medications. Patient having known CAD carry their oral medications all the time.
- Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI): In such infractions the ECG does not record any changes. In such scenarios chemical markers are used to diagnose it
- ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI): Blockage in the supply of blood for a long period affect the heart muscle to a large extent. ECG and chemical markers show immediate changes.
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Excessive sweating
- Pain from the chest to the arms
- Stress Test
- Chest X Ray
- Ultra sound
- Blood Investigations
Advanced diagnostics involves Catheterization and Angiogram
Lifestyle Modifications: Patients diagnosed in initial stages of CHD are recommended to make life style modifications like quit smoking, reduce alcohol consumption, exercise, food modifications, monitoring blood pressure and diabetes and medications are prescribed by your cardiologist accordingly
Interventional procedures are mostly used to open up blockages in the arteries. There are 3 types of interventional procedures
- PTCA (Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty) or Balloon Angioplasty:: This procedure involves placing of a small balloon at the tip of the catheter and inserting it in to the blocked artery. Once the balloon reached the blocked are it is inflated leading to dilation of the area.
- Stent: A stent is a small metal tube that is inserted in to the blocked artery through the balloon. The metal tube restricts the blockage.
- Rotablation (Percutaneous Transluminal Rotational Atherectomy or PTRA): A diamond tip catheter is inserted in to the blocked artery. It is then rotated at high speed to clear the blockage.
There are many advanced stents used in the treatment procedures at the Heart Institute. Write to our experts on firstname.lastname@example.org to find out more about the options available.