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Posted on Oct 29, 2015 |

Diet & Stroke

Diet & Stroke

World Stroke Day is on October 29th . Stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or brain attack.A stroke is a medical emergency, Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops within minutes, brain cells begin to die. It is the No. 5 cause of death and a leading cause of disability in the United States.

Types of Stroke:

Stroke can be caused either by a clot obstructing the flow of blood to the brain (called an ischemic stroke) or by a blood vessel rupturing and preventing blood flow to the brain (called a hemorrhagic stroke). A TIA (transient ischemic attack), or “mini stroke”, is caused by a temporary clot.

Signs and symptoms:

If you notice any signs or symptoms of a stroke, Think BE FAST in detecting the stroke:

  • B — BALANCE: A sudden loss of balance or coordination, such as not being able to walk a straight line or touch a finger to the nose.
  • E — EYES: Sudden vision changes, such as double vision or blindness in one eye.
  • F — FACE DROOPING: Droopiness or numbness on one side of the face, such as an uneven smile.
  • A — ARM WEAKNESS: Weakness in one arm, such as not being able to raise both arms.
  • S — SPEECH DIFFICULTY: Slurred speech or speech that is difficult to understand.
  • T — TIME TO CALL 1066: If any of the above symptoms are present, it’s important to call emergency responders or go to the ER right away, even if symptoms seem to disappear. Be sure to record the time when symptoms started.

Diet & Stroke :

Healthy food habits can help you reduce three risk factors for stroke — poor cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and excess weight. Diets high in saturated fat and Tran’s fat can raise blood cholesterol levels. Diets high in sodium can contribute to increased blood pressure, and high-calorie diets can contribute to obesity.

Grains:  choice from whole grains and high fibre foods.

Vegetables:  Choose often nutrient-rich dark green and orange vegetables and remember to regularly eat dried beans and peas.

Fruits: Eat a variety of fresh fruits 4-5 servings per day

Dairy: Choose low-fat or fat-free dairy foods.

Protein: Eat two portions of fish every week, especially oily fish like mackerel, sardines or salmon, as these contains omega-3 fatty acids, which can prevent blood clots, chicken skin less and egg whites.

Fat: Red meats, full-fat cheese and manufactured cakes and biscuits all contain a lot of saturated fat, so try to limit and make most of your fat sources from fish, nuts and vegetable oils.

Salt: The AHA recommends consuming less than 1500 mg of sodium or salt per a day.

Manasa. k
Dietitian,
Apollo Hospitals,Jubilee hills,
Hyderabad.