Cartilage is a tough but flexible tissue that is the main type of connective tissue in the body. Cartilage covers the surface of joints, enabling bones to slide over one another while reducing friction and preventing damage. It helps to support your weight when you move, bend, stretch and run. Unlike other types of tissue, cartilage does not have its own blood supply. Blood cells help repair damaged tissue, so damaged cartilage does not heal as quickly as damaged skin or muscles.
Cartilage Damage generally occurs in the knee joints, resulting in swelling, joint pains and stiffnes. It becomes difficult to walk, stand for long, to sit down, etc activities which involves major role of joints.
Types of Cartilage:
- Elastic cartilage – also known as yellow cartilage is the most springy and supple type of cartilage. This type of cartilage makes up the outside of the ears, some of the nose, the larynx, and also the epiglottis.
- Fibrocartilage – is the toughest type of cartilage, found between the discs (vertebrae) of the spine and between the bones of the hips and pelvis
- Articular (hyaline) cartilage –it is both springy and tough type of cartilage found between the ribs, around the windpipe (trachea) and between the joints. Catilage between the joints is called ad Articular Cartilage.
Causes of Cartilage Damage:
4. On High Heels for longer hours regualrly
5. Continous standing or sitting in samew position.
6. Carrying lots of weight
7. Lack of calcium intake