Brain Tumor is sighted in the brain, it can be any part of the brain. It can attack at any age group both in male & female. Tumors can be benign or malignant and can occur in different parts of the brain. It is of two types- primary and metastatic. A primary tumor starts in the brain, whereas a metastatic tumor spreads to the brain from another part of the body.
Risk Factors – Brain Tumor
Aside from exposure to vinyl chloride or ionizing Radiation, there are no known environmental factors associated with brain tumors.
Mutations and deletions of tumor suppressor can lead to some forms of brain tumors. People with inherited diseases like von Hippel-Lindau syndrome and neurofibromatosis type 2 are at high risk of developing brain tumors.
Screening – Brain Tumor
It Includes Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) And Computed Tomography (CT)-Scans.
Signs And Symptoms:-
- 1. First headache complaint from a person over 50 years old
- 2. First migraine attack in person over 40 years old
- 3. Headache in person under 6 years old
- 4. Severe headaches and very high blood pressure
- 5. Headache and fever (with reduced consciousness)
- 6. Stiffness of the neck/neurological dysfunction
- 7. Headache with signs of elevated intracranial pressure
- 8. Focal neurological dysfunction, fits
- 9. Loss of consciousness
- 10. Early morning vomiting or vomiting unrelated to headache or other illness
- 11. Behavioral changes or rapid decline in school results
Brain Tumor Treatment:-
When a brain tumor is diagnosed, a specialized team of doctors try to evaluate the treatment options. The treatment options are based on neoplasm type and location.
The key intention of surgery is to remove maximum tumor cells possible. However, sometimes the access to the tumor is unfeasible due to which surgery is not allowed.
The objective of radiation therapy is to kill tumor cells and leave normal brain tissue undamaged. In external beam radiation therapy, several treatments of standard-dose radiation are applied to the brain.
Stereotactic Radiosurgery uses computerized calculations to give radiation at the tumor location while reducing the radiation dose to the nearby brain. Types of radiotherapy for brain cancer are external beam radiation therapy, brachytherapy, and sometimes stereotactic radiosurgery, such as Gamma knife, Cyberknife or Novalis Tx Radiosurgery in more complex cases.
Chemotherapy uses drugs that prevent the growth or division of cancer cells in the body. Patients undergoing chemotherapy are more likely to experience improved survival rates. The decision to undergo chemo is based on the type of tumor, extent of cancer and the health of the patient.
DR. VIJAY ANAND REDDY PALKONDA
M.D (R.T)., Radiation Oncology, Medical Oncology (ESMO)
FUICC (UK), FNDM (USA), FUICC (AUS)
Director & Senior Consultant,
Apollo Cancer Hospital, Hyd