Apollo Health Blog
As Reported On health.india.com
You wake-up in the morning and notice a pimple on your face and panic. In an attempt to make it disappear, you use any cream or lotion that promises to get rid of pimples in no time but seldom see the results. This is because you may have used something which doesn’t suit your skin or which isn’t the right lotion to treat it. While acne breakouts are common and there are several products available in the market that claim to get rid of it, it is important to know what works for you and what doesn’t. Trying out multiple products on your skin can further irritate it leading to more breakouts. We ask cosmetic dermatologist Dr Shuba Dharmana about how to select the right over-the-counter acne medication.
Firstly, you need to understand if it is a one-off situation or a frequent acne breakout. If it’s an occasional breakout, use tea tree oil products. If the acne is not severe, pick up face washes that have either salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. After using the face wash, use a lotion based or a serum based moisturiser and follow it up with a non-comedogenic sunscreen that protects the skin as well as does not cause breakout.
In addition to these, many dermatologists also prescribe ointments which are derivatives of vitamin A such as adapalene or benzoyl peroxide or an antibiotic like clindamycin. It could also be a combination of these.
If you wish to use these, remember to apply good amounts of sunscreen after it as many of these ointments can cause skin irritation and redness. Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers should avoid using adapalene.
Restrict the use of facial scrubs to once a week or less and be extra careful when you have active lesions as vigorous scrubbing can irritate the skin further. You must be careful not to use rich, heavy creams as they can clog up the pores even more.
These medications are commonly available at any chemist’s store. Most of these medications will take about 4 months to start showing results. But if your acne is severe, you may have to get it treated by a skin specialist who can monitor the situation and prescribe stronger medication or treatment. Severe acne is not something that people should start treating on their own. It’s a skin disease that needs to be treated under the supervision of a dermatologist. There is also a risk of developing resistance with improper use of antibiotics hence prescription is necessary from a dermatologist who can monitor the condition.
As Reported On bbc.co.uk
Getting young children to take an hour-long nap after lunch could help them with their learning by boosting brain power, a small study suggests.
A nap appeared to help three-to-five-year-olds better remember pre-school lessons, US researchers said.
University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers studied 40 youngsters and report their findings in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The benefit persisted in the afternoon after a nap and into the next day.
The study authors say their results suggest naps are critical for memory consolidation and early learning.
This is important, because pre-school nurseries are divided on whether they should allow their children a nap”
Paediatrician Dr Robert Scott-Jupp
When the children were allowed a siesta after lunch they performed significantly better on a visual-spatial tasks in the afternoon and the next day than when they were denied a midday snooze.
Following a nap, children recalled 10% more of the information they were being tested on than they did when they had been kept awake.
Close monitoring of 14 additional youngsters who came to the researchers’ sleep lab revealed the processes at work in the brain during asleep.
As the children napped, they experienced increased activity in brain regions linked with learning and integrating new information.
Lead investigator Rebecca Spencer said: “Essentially we are the first to report evidence that naps are important for preschool children.
“Our study shows that naps help the kids better remember what they are learning in preschool.”
She said while older children would naturally drop their daytime sleep, younger children should be encouraged to nap.
Dr Robert Scott-Jupp, of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, said: “It’s been known for years that having a short sleep can improve the mental performance of adults, for example doctors working night shifts. Up until now, no-one has looked at the same thing in toddlers. This is important, because pre-school nurseries are divided on whether they should allow their children a nap.
“Toddlers soak up a huge amount of information everyday as they become increasingly inquisitive about the world around them and begin to gain independence.
“To be at their most alert toddlers need about 11-13 hours of sleep a day, giving their active minds a chance to wind down and re-charge, ready for the day ahead. We now know that a daytime sleep could be as important as a nighttime one. Without it, they would be tired, grumpy, forgetful and would struggle to concentrate.”
Good health care does not translate to good medicine alone. It inherently links several other disciplines. To achieve a sound body and sound mind needs a holistic approach that encompasses education, research and empowerment.