Apollo Health Blog
Many prominent buildings and natural features such as the Niagara Falls on the earth will be in the hue of BLUE. WHY?? This is in support of April 2, World Autism Awareness Day (WAAD). This day is used to raise awareness about a disorder which still carries a lot of underreporting and incorrect approach to treatment.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurological lifelong developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with, relates to other people and learns. It also affects how they make sense of the world around them. It is a spectrum condition-while all people with autism share certain difficulties, their condition will affect them in different ways. Some people with autism are able to live relatively independent lives but others may have accompanying learning disabilities and need a lifetime of specialist support. People with autism may also experience over- or under-sensitivity to sounds, touch, tastes, smells, light or colours. Thus the learning, thinking and problem-solving abilities of people with ASD can range from gifted to severely impaired/challenged.
Asperger’s syndrome is a form of autism. People with Asperger’s syndrome are often of average or above average intelligence. They have fewer problems with speech but may still have difficulties with understanding and processing language. Autistic disorder, Pervasive Development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) are part of the ASD.
Some Common Signs Of Autism-
Hallmark feature of ASD is impaired social interaction. As early as infancy, a baby with ASD may be unresponsive to people or focus intently on one item to the exclusion of others for long periods of time. A child with ASD may appear to develop normally and then withdraw and become indifferent to social engagement.
Children with an ASD may fail to respond to their names and often avoid eye contact with other people. They have difficulty interpreting what others are thinking or feeling because they can’t understand social cues, such as tone of voice or facial expressions, and don’t watch other people’s faces for clues about appropriate behaviour. They may lack empathy. Many children with an ASD engage in repetitive movements such as rocking and twirling, or in self-abusive behaviour such as biting or head-banging. They also tend to start speaking later than other children and may refer to themselves by name instead of “I” or “me.” Children with an ASD don’t know how to play interactively with other children. Some speak in a sing-song voice about a narrow range of favourite topics, with little regard for the interests of the person to whom they are speaking.
Children with characteristics of an ASD may have co-occurring conditions, including Fragile X syndrome (which causes intellectual disability), tuberous sclerosis, epileptic seizures, Tourette syndrome, learning disabilities, and attention deficit disorder. About 20 to 30 percent of children with an ASD develop epilepsy by the time they reach adulthood.
Causes of Autism-
Scientists are not certain about what causes ASD, but likely that both genetics and environment play a role. Researchers have identified a number of genes associated with the disorder. Studies of people with ASD have found irregularities in several regions of the brain. Other studies suggest that people with ASD have abnormal levels of serotonin or other neurotransmitters in the brain. These abnormalities suggest that ASD could result from the disruption of normal brain development early in foetal development caused by defects in genes that control brain growth and that regulate how brain cells communicate with each other, possibly due to the influence of environmental factors on gene function. While these findings are intriguing, they are preliminary and require further study.
Does Autism have a magic cure?
There is no cure for ASDs. Therapies and behavioural interventions are designed to remedy specific symptoms and can bring about substantial improvement. The ideal treatment plan coordinates therapies and interventions that meet the specific needs of individual children. Most health care professionals agree that the earlier the intervention, the better.
Therapists use highly structured and intensive skill-oriented training sessions to help children develop social and language skills, such as Applied Behavioural Analysis. Family counselling for the parents and siblings of children with an ASD often helps families cope with the particular challenges of living with a child with an ASD.
It is very important to have an early and correct diagnosis from professionals. Albert Einstein the famous physicist, Amadeus Mozart, the father of modern western music, Bob Dylan American musician and artist, Satoshi Tajiri game designer, creator of the Pokémon series are just few of the names of individuals who have been identified under ASD. The crux is life is still beautiful from the angle of individuals with ASD condition/s. We just need to be look through their lenses. So LET IT BE BLUE for more humanity.
Apollo Health City, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad
Thyroid Cancer is a disease that you get when abnormal cells begin to grow in your thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and is located in the front of your neck. It makes hormones that regulate the way your body uses energy and that help your body work normally.
Thyroid cancer can cause several symptoms:
You may get a lump or swelling in your neck. This is the most common symptom.
You may have pain in your neck and sometimes in your ears.
You may have trouble swallowing.
You may have trouble breathing or have constant wheezing.
Your voice may be hoarse.
You may have a frequent cough that is not related to a cold.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF THYROID CANCER
1. Papillary thyroid cancer. The most common form of thyroid cancer, papillary cancer arises from follicular cells, which produce and store thyroid hormones.
2. Follicular thyroid cancer. This cancer also arises from the follicular cells of the thyroid. It usually affects people older than age 50.
3. Medullary thyroid cancer. This cancer begins in thyroid cells called C cells that produce the hormone calcitonin. Elevated levels of calcitonin in the blood can detect medullary thyroid cancer at a very early stage.
4. Anaplastic thyroid cancer. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare and rapidly growing cancer that is very difficult to treat.
5. Thyroid lymphoma. Thyroid lymphoma is a rare form of thyroid cancer that begins in the immune system cells in the thyroid and grows very quickly. Thyroid
Female sex. Thyroid cancer occurs more often in women than in men.
Exposure to high levels of radiation. Examples of high levels of radiation include those that come from radiation treatment to the head and neck and from fallout from such sources as nuclear power plant accidents or weapons testing.
Certain inherited genetic syndromes. Genetic syndromes that increase the risk of thyroid cancer include familial medullary thyroid cancer, multiple endocrine neoplasia and familial adenomatous polyposis.
Dr Vijay Anand P Reddy,
Director of Apollo Cancer Hospital, Hyderabad.
Knee Pain can be relieved with some basic excercises. These excercises can be performed indoor. If the problem still exists and its sever along with the excercises you need have Doctors advice and medciations.
Dr. P. Sharat Kumar
MS[ORTH], MCh[Orth]UK, DipSEM-GB&I[IABSEM], MFSEM[UK], FFSEM[I]
Apollo Health City,Jubilee Hills,Hyderabad.
Measles is highly contagiuos and easily spreads. Measles is also called as Rubeola. It is a respiratory infection caused by a virus which leads to Measles. Measles is most commonly seen in children below 5-6 years. Children become weak, thin, dehydrated and their immunity system also becomes weak. Recovery period is for almost about 15-21days.
Signs & Symptoms:
High Fever for about a week
Red & Watering Eyes
Prevention is better than Cure. Prior Vacciantion helps to safeguard children from getting effected by Mealses. Measles-Mumps-Rubella-Varicella Vaccine (MMR / MMRV) need to be given when children are 12 to 15 months old and again when they’re 4 to 6 years old.
Immediate doctor consultaion is required for children if any of the signs and syptoms are seen.
“Simple things like sun protection or a nutritious diet can help make your skin look younger and prevent many skin problems”, says Dr. Anuya Anil Manerkar, a Mumbai-based dermatologist.
Common signs of skin ageing include wrinkles, pigmentation, fine lines, open pores on nose and reduction in elasticity of skin. Let us look at the major factors, which affect skin ageing and how to slow it down.
Sun: Prolonged unprotected exposure to the sun breaks down the collagen and elastin (vital proteins for the skin), which can lead to early wrinkling, unattractivepigmentation, saggy and stretchy skin besides serious health risks like skin cancer. Sun damage might not be visible at an early age, however effects show up later in life, so everybody, including children should be protected from the sun.
Protect your skin by applying sun screen (that filters both UVA and UVB rays) of SPF (Sun Protection Factor) 15 or higher on a daily basis (hot or cold weather) and re-applying it every 2-3 hours regardless of your age. Additionally, avoid mid-day sun and wear protective gear like hats or long sleeves. Medication might be required to reduce existing sun damage. Remember there is nothing like a healthy tan!
Smoking: Collagen, a firer that gives your skin strength and elasticity is depleted by six per cent every year due to smoking. Smoking leads to narrowing of the blood vessels, which reduces the blood supply to organs (including skin) thus depriving the skin of oxygen and vital nutrients. Smokers tend to have smoker’s wrinkles around the mouth, leathery skin and a lifeless looking complexion.
Quit smoking using strategies like counselling, exercising, nicotine-replacement products or medications.
Diet: Limit your consumption of simple carbohydrates, soft drinks, and processed foods. Sugary foods can lead to stiff and inflexible skin.
“Eat a well-balanced nutritious diet that includes a variety of dark-coloured fruits and vegetables which are full of anti-oxidants and necessary vitamins”, says Rashmi Shetty, cosmetic physician (who has many Bollywood actors among her clients), consultant at Nuevo Skin Clinic, Hyderabad. Also include lean protein (low-fat/skim milk, poultry), good fats (olive oil, flax seeds), water (3-4 litres/ day), complex carbohydrates (whole wheat bread or pasta) and nuts (walnuts, peanuts). Women need to pay attention to their vitamin E, folic acid, haemoglobin, calcium and B12 levels.
Exercising– Inactive lifestyle is one of the greatest maladies today. Regular activity keeps our skin younger longer by improving blood circulation to the skin, keeping our muscles toned and making our skin thicker, stronger and more flexible. Exercising also reduces stress levels and improves sleep. Incorporate any kind of physical activity at least 3-4 times in a week for 30 minutes or more.
Exercising: Inactive lifestyle is one of the greatest maladies today. Regular activity keeps our skin younger longer by improving blood circulation to the skin, keeping our muscles toned and making our skin thicker, stronger and more flexible. Exercising also reduces stress levels and improves sleep. Incorporate any kind of physical activity at least 3-4 times in a week for 30 minutes or more.
Alcohol: Consuming more than one drink per day on a daily basis is considered excessive drinking. Alcohol is a toxin for the body and has a dehydrating effect on the skin, magnifying any pre-existing conditions such as facial wrinkles and fine lines. It also leads to depletion of vitamins and minerals, which are very important for a youthful skin. Alcohol consumption can also lead to dilating your blood vessels, which can eventually lead to broken capillaries in your face, creating a flushed appearance, especially in the cheek and nose region.
Cut down your drinking by deciding how many days a week you will drink, knowing the standard drink sizes, pacing yourself while drinking, counselling, medication etc.
Lack of sleep: Sleep gives rest to your muscles. Lack of sleep shows on the face with tiredness and dark circles under the eyes.
Get 6-8 hours of sleep daily. Improve your sleep by exercising, avoiding large meals late at night and relaxation techniques like meditation.
Stress: Chronic stress can elevate the hormone cortisol in the body. Cortisol accelerates the degeneration of collagen and elastin and causes thinning of the skin. Stress can also lead to acne. Frowning perpetually can also cause your face muscles to actually conform to that movement.
To reduce stress: Inducing ageing, try leading a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a positive attitude.
Hormone levels: Fluctuations in hormone levels during adolescence or menopause can effect how fast your skin ages.
Get a gynaecological checkup. You might be treated for PCOD during adolescence and be given HRT (hormone replacement therapy) during menopausal stage.
Buy products compatible with your skin type rather than being swayed by fashion trends. Cleanse your face with a mild face wash 2-3 times per day. Avoid bathing with very hot water and for a long time as it removes the natural oils from your skin. Keep your skin well moisturised. Apply SPF cream on a regular basis as it not only protects you from the sun but also skin ageing from artificial light sources like halogen and CFL (Compact Fluorescent Lamp or ‘energy saving lights’). Even watching TV excessively or sitting in front of the computer without SPF cream ages your skin.
Botox :Botox performed at the right place at the right time is a non-surgical, anti-ageing procedure for treating wrinkles and fine lines. Tiny facial injections are given to relax the muscles which cause the lines to fade.
Fillers : Injectable skin fillers like Hyaluronic acid plump up the skin thereby reducing wrinkles and restoring the shape of the skin and sunken cheeks.
Peels : Peels made of glycolic acid etc. are skin-friendly solutions that remove the top dead layer of the skin and expose newer skin, thereby reducing fine skin lines and treating acne among others.
Laser : Laser treatments can be used to improve sun-damaged skin, lighten freckles and other dermatological conditions.
Microdermabrasion: Aluminum oxide crystals are used to exfoliate the surface layer of the skin. This procedure improves skin tone and resilience.
To look beautiful and have a glow on your face, you need to feel happy within. How fast your skin ages can be regulated through good habits and intelligent choices. It is never too late to start looking after your skin. Start today.
- Decreases risk of total & all cause mortality
– Speed recovery & reduces muscle soreness
– Increases motivation and reaction time
– Improves body composition & elevates fat burning
– Lower risk of variety of Cancers
A snake bite is an injury caused by the bite of a snake, most often resulting in two puncture wounds due to the fangs. Snake bites can be either poisonous or non poisonous. Bites due to non-poisonous snakes are more common. However if a poisonous snake injects poison into the wound. this can can lead to paralysis, life threatening bleeding and death.
In case of a snake bite:
Do not panic.
Reassure the victim.
Immobilise the affected limb with a cardboard splint and sticking tape.
Seek medical attention immediately.
Do not pick up the snake or try to trap it (this may put you or someone else at risk for a bite).
Do not apply a tight bandage around the wound.
Do not cut the wound with a knife/blade.
Do not suck out the venom.
Do not apply ice or immerse the wound in water.
Remember, in case of snake bite, contact the nearest Apollo Emergency immediately.
Esophageal Cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus — a long, hollow tube that runs from your throat to your stomach. Your esophagus carries food you swallow to your stomach to be digested.
Esophageal cancer occurs when cells in your esophagus develop errors (mutations) in their DNA. The errors make cells grow and divide out of control.
Main Symptoms of this type of cancer
The most common symptom of esophageal cancer is a problem swallowing, with a feeling like the food is stuck in the throat or chest, or even choking on food.
Sometimes, people complain of pain or discomfort in the middle part of their chest. Some people describe a feeling of pressure or burning in the chest.
About half of people with esophageal cancer lose weight (without trying to). This happens because their swallowing problems keep them from eating enough to maintain their weight.
• consuming alcohol
• having a reflux disorder such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
• being overweight
• not eating enough fruits and vegetables
• having Barrett’s esophagus (a damaged esophageal lining due to GERD)
How can you detect Esophageal cancer?
• The use of an instrument called an endoscope. A camera attached to a tube goes down your throat and allows your doctor to view the lining of your esophagus to check for abnormalities and irritation.
• An X-ray taken after you ingest a chemical called barium that allows your physician to see the lining of your esophagus. This is known as a barium swallow.
• A biopsy. This is a process in which a sample of the suspicious tissue is removed with the help of an endoscope and sent to a lab for testing.
Dr. Vijay Anand Reddy, M.D.(RT), D.N.B, Medical Onc, (ESMO),FUICC (UK),FNDM (USA),FUICC (AUS)
- Stifles Breathing & Diaphragm Function.
- Stresses the Lower Back.
- Hyper extends Back Muscles .
- Closes of Throat and Windpipe.
- Adds pressure to kidney, Adrenals & Colon.
- Impedes Nerve force from the Spine.