Apollo Health Blog
Depression is the most common disease of MIGRAINE affecting up to 40% of MIGRAINE sufferers.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an unpredictable, often disabling disease of the central nervous system that disrupts the flow of information within the brain, and between the brain and body. It occurs if the myelin sheaths surrounding nerve fibers are damaged. In temperate regions of the world, multiple sclerosis affects one in a thousand people, and more women than men. There may be just a single attack, or repeated attacks that lead to increasing disability. Only in a minority of cases, however, is the condition crippling.
Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disease in which immune system acts on one’s own central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). It mainly damages the myelin fat sheath around the nerve fibers called axons that decrease the ability to transmit electrical impulses effectively. Later neurons can also be affected. The presenting symptoms of MS are varied and can range from visual impairment, numbness and or weakness of one or more limbs, unsteadiness while walking to problems in passing urine, stools, memory and language disturbances.
The symptoms usually develop over few days to few weeks and minor symptoms may sometimes go unnoticed. MS can be of relapsing/remitting type in which symptoms come and go with partial or total improvement or progressive type in which symptoms gradually increase over a period of time. There also could be relapses superimposed over a progressive type. Apart from patient’s history and physical examination investigations like MRI, VEP, evoked potentials and CSF analysis and blood work up aid in diagnosis of the disease and in differentiating it from other conditions which may have similar manifestations. Treatment includes IV steroids for acute attacks and disease modifying therapy for prevention of relapses and disability accumulation. Interferon’s are used as disease modifying therapy in the form of injections used either once in a week intramuscularly or thrice a week subcutaneously. Oral formulations are also available now which is slowly gaining acceptance over injections. These are generally given lifelong. Therapy also includes neuropsychological evaluation and counseling as and when necessary.
Dr.Chenna Rajesh Reddy, MBBS,MD(internal Medicine),DM(Neurology),
Consultant Neurologist, Apollo Health City,
Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad
Exercise builds up the required strength & energy to keep your heart healthy. Depending upon the age exercises can be chosen. All age groups can do exercises without any restrictions. The physical activity one does in daily routine impacts on the heart. A person who is physically active, doing regular exercise, maintaining healthy body weight in them the chances of getting heart problems are very less; Cholesterol levels of the heart and blood will be normal, healthy fats required for the body only will be deposited.
Regular exercise can help you:
- Burn calories
- Lower your blood pressure
- Reduce LDL “bad” cholesterol
- Boost your HDL “good” cholesterol
Exercises which are heart friendly:
- Brisk Walking daily for 30mints to 1 hour
- Climbing Stairs
- Jogging / running
If you’re suffering with any health problem consult your doctor before starting. Any pain or discomfort immediately stop; relax for 10-15 minutes try to start slowly. If pain or discomfort continues immediately consult your doctor or call for help 1066.
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Vitamin A : tomatoes, papaya and carrots
Vitamin C : oranges, strawberries, peppers and broccoli.